Sex on your period: Fact or Fiction?


Sex during periods. As a sexual health educator, I am asked about this subject a lot.

“Do other couples do it?” “How does it work?” “Will I get pregnant?”

There are some myths and half-truths floating around about sex during a period, so I’m going to try to set the record straight…

Can you have sex on your period?

Yes. But like all issues surrounding sex, communication is critical. This means checking in with your partner. Depending on whether you’re the one menstruating or not, questions might include: “How do you feel during your period? Would you ever want to have sex while you’re menstruating?” or “I’m on my period right now. How do you feel about having sex while I’m menstruating?” For many folks who menstruate, sexual desire changes during different times of the menstrual cycle. For example, a person might experience increased desire during menstruation or ovulation – it all depends on the person. Be sure to talk about desires and feelings to ensure everyone is on the same page from the beginning.

Is having sex on your period bad for you?

No. Having sex while one or more partners are on their period is not harmful. In fact, there are a few ways in which it might be helpful! First, the contractions of orgasm might help relieve menstrual cramping. Second, sex might feel particularly great because the vagina can become super lubricated from menstrual secretions. If you or your partner worry about a mess from the blood, consider spreading out a towel or having sex in the shower to minimize post-coital cleaning.

Can I get pregnant if I have sex while on my period?

Yes. We get a lot of questions about specific situations on this – but the short answer is always “yes, it’s possible to get pregnant at any time during a menstrual cycle.” To put that in writing again – if you have unprotected vaginal/penile intercourse during your period, it is possible to get pregnant. This can happen if you have sex before, during or after your period.

You are most likely to get pregnant if you have sex around the time of ovulation. Ovulation is when an egg is released from the ovary, and it usually occurs about 14 days after the start of your last period. Many women have unpredictable ovulation or may have spotting at the time of ovulation, which could be confused with a period.

Plus, sperm can live in a vagina for up to five days. Yup, five days. So if an egg comes around at any point during that time, you could become pregnant.

If you have had penile-vaginal sex without contraception and you don’t want to get pregnant, consider Emergency Contraception (such as Plan B, ella, Plan B One Step or a Copper IUD). Many of these are available at most pharmacies over the counter and are pretty darn effective for up to 5 days after unprotected sex.

There are more reliable methods of contraception than Emergency Contraception. We encourage you to speak with your pharmacist or medical provider about contraception options that might work for you.

Are other people having sex on their period?

Based on the number of folks who are reading this blog article – yup. But really, it doesn’t matter if other folks are doing it or not. Having sex during menstruation is a personal decision, so we cannot stress enough–talk with your partner to see how they feel. If nothing else it can be another opportunity to get to know your partner and their likes, dislikes and comfort level.

This article has been edited for clarity and updated formatting since it’s original publishing date.

Most recent edit: March 1, 2016

371 thoughts on “Sex on your period: Fact or Fiction?

  1. monika August 29, 2015 / 2:50 am

    hi is there any chance of sexual diseases if intercourse happens on 4th day of periods and is pregnancy possible on 4th day of periods

    Like

    • HealthyHeels August 30, 2015 / 7:50 pm

      STI’s are always a risk, and the timing of one’s period does not change that risk at all. Pregnancy is always a risk when there’s a chance an egg and a sperm might meet which can happen at any point of one’s period so yes, pregnancy is possible on the 4th day of periods. I’d recommend you speak with your provider to ask about emergency contraception and STI testing, as well as to get more details about your specific risks.

      Like

  2. noza August 27, 2015 / 1:12 pm

    Hi. My husband he want it ,, an its my 1st day period ,, can I give him ,, is it safe ? An I don’t want him to use Condom.

    Like

    • HealthyHeels August 27, 2015 / 8:29 pm

      Hi Noza, Thank you for your question. If you’re concerned about not wanting to get pregnant, then you’ll want to find some form of birth control (if condoms aren’t your thing, pick another!) to avoid pregnancy on your first day of your period and at any other time you and husband choose to have sex. Speak with your medical provider if you have further questions.

      Like

      • Isabel January 5, 2016 / 4:19 am

        Hi my boyfriend and I had sex on the second day I started my period. and the the third day I didn’t get it..is it possible that I got pregnant?

        Like

        • HealthyHeels January 11, 2016 / 2:02 pm

          Hi Isabel, if you read our responses to the questions on this blog post, most always the answer is “yes you could be pregnant.” That’s the case for you as well, but if it’s been less than 5 days since you had unprotected sex and you don’t want to become pregnant, you can take emergency contraception (available over the counter) to decrease your likelihood of pregnancy. Again, as we mentioned in other responses, having sex on your period is not a way to avoid pregnancy. You’ll want to use a condom or another form birth control if you don’t want to get pregnant. If you are trying to become pregnant, there is loads of information online about fertility and timing that you can look at. Good luck!

          Like

          • Angela February 3, 2016 / 3:40 pm

            Hi , my boyfriend and i had unprotected sex on the last day of my period .. But i have been taking a birth controll pill 6 days now ..he did not ejaculate in me … Can i get pregnant?

            Like

          • HealthyHeels February 9, 2016 / 10:54 am

            Hi Angela, it sounds like your chances are pretty low but pregnancy is still a possibility. We can’t really tell by your question if you started the birth control pill prior to sex or after it, though – if you started the pill prior to this sexual encounter, your chances are even lower. Good luck.

            Like

  3. prajakta August 12, 2015 / 6:18 am

    i want to have sex but its my first day of period
    so can i have it…
    an will i get pregnant..

    Like

  4. bujji July 23, 2015 / 4:40 am

    i can have protected sex with my husband on 4th day of my periods……..we can have r not…

    Like

  5. Solomon ishaya July 15, 2015 / 4:00 am

    Am really happy to come across this blog, but i still have some confusion. The question is will a woman get pregnant after five days of her period if she had sex?

    Like

    • HealthyHeels July 20, 2015 / 3:33 pm

      A woman can get pregnant anytime her eggs come into contact with sperm which usually comes from unprotected (meaning without a hormonal or barrier contraception like condoms or the pill). If that behavior occurred prior to her having a five day period, she is not pregnant. If, on the other hand, she had unprotected penile-vaginal intercourse during or after her period, there’s a chance that she could become pregnant.

      Like

      • milan August 21, 2016 / 11:32 pm

        i had sex wid my gf and ate unwated pill after 1 week to 10 days she spotted period again is this a sign of pregnency???

        Like

        • HealthyHeels September 6, 2016 / 9:40 am

          We don’t know exactly what you mean by “unwated” pill – maybe plan B? In which case spotting is totally normal after taking Plan B. And generally spotting is NOT a sign of pregnancy. Good luck!

          Like

  6. sega July 8, 2015 / 5:25 am

    Hi… i have sex with my partiner during her period.but after the sex she take E-pill and after the pill her period stop….

    Like

    • HealthyHeels July 20, 2015 / 3:30 pm

      Levonogestrel pills, including the brands Plan B One-Step and Next Choice One Dose, are up to 89 percent effective when taken within 72 hours (three days) after unprotected sex. They continue to reduce the risk of pregnancy up to 120 hours (five days) after unprotected sex, but they are less effective as time passes. It sounds like you are in that first window of time, meaning most likely you are not pregnant. If you want to be sure, you can visit your provider (Campus Health, if you’re a student at UNC) for a pregnancy test or to ask more questions. You can also find pregnancy tests at your local pharmacy.

      Like

  7. geomar July 5, 2015 / 8:36 am

    hi im geomar my wife had period in a 4rth day we sex we both honest to each other there be possible that we get hiv or std when she get menstruation? what is possible happen after sex ?!

    thanks.

    Like

    • HealthyHeels July 6, 2015 / 8:43 am

      Anytime you have sex with someone, you put yourself at risk for STDs. You and your wife can be tested for STDs at Campus Health if you’re a student at UNC, or at your local health care provider. You can minimize risk of transmission in several ways – only have sex with your wife and your wife only has sex with you, use a barrier (dental dam, condom) to minimize skin-to-skin contact and fluid transmission, and limit the number of lifetime sex partners you have. Learn more about reducing your STD risk at http://bedsider.tumblr.com/post/47714484047/comprehensive-safer-sex-2-reduce-your-risk

      Like

  8. Prasen June 26, 2015 / 2:21 pm

    I have sex with protection on 5th April. then Periods came on 15th April. After this period not till coming 2month…!! Is she pregnant….????

    Like

    • HealthyHeels July 6, 2015 / 8:46 am

      Prasen, if she has not had sex between April 5th and had a period on April 15th, pregnancy is not likely. If you’re feeling worried, pregnancy tests are available for purchase at the Healthy Heels Shoppe in the ground floor of Campus Health.

      Like

  9. mikel June 18, 2015 / 10:59 am

    Me and my girlfriend had unprotected sex but i didn’t cum inside her and after we had sex like 10 minutes after we started again but it lasted like 5 min but i never came again and it was on the 3rd day of her period and her blood stopped for a while and started again. Is she possibly pregnant?

    Like

    • HealthyHeels June 22, 2015 / 10:44 am

      This can all be quite scary and complicated. To make it easy – yes, it’s a possibility. Emergency Contraception is an option for up to 5 days after you’ve had unprotected sex and can be purchased over the counter at most pharmacies. Remember that sperm can be released without ejaculation, and sperm can live for up to 5 days after sex. That time might be long enough to survive until one of your girlfriend’s eggs is released. Egg + sperm = pregnancy. Consider discussing options for contraception with your girlfriend so you can avoid the stress of situations like this. A pharmacist or provider can discuss with you your options at this point as well as options for the future. If you’re a UNC student, make an appointment at Campus Health by calling 919-966-2281 or stop in at our pharmacy for Emergency Contraception and a conversation with a pharmacist.

      Like

      • Teressa September 19, 2016 / 2:12 am

        Hi. My partner and I had sex during on the 3rd and last day of my period. And he cums inside me cause I thought its safe. I havent thought that my period is irregular. I can say its irregular because my period doesnt my period comes in different date of the month, it doesnt have its permanent date of yhe month though it visits me monthly. Im not sure if its irregular or not. Back to reality, it was already 3 days since I have contact with my partner. I’m just paranoid if I’m pregnant. Is it possible for me to get pregnant? Help me pls. Thankyou

        Like

        • HealthyHeels September 23, 2016 / 10:27 am

          Hi Teressa, it is possible you could get pregnant yes. There is no absolutely safe time of your monthly cycle to have unprotected sex if you absolutely don’t want to become pregnant. That being said, of all the times of the month, during a menstrual cycle is the least likely time to result in pregnancy – but they certainly still happen. So if you’re determined to not become pregnant, we recommend taking emergency contraception if you’re still within 5 days of the unprotected sex. And we also recommend connecting with a medical provider to figure out a method of contraception that will work for you. Good luck!

          Like

  10. tumi May 17, 2015 / 1:52 pm

    Is it possible for me and my bf to be sick when we had unprotected sex mean while I was on my periods

    Like

    • HealthyHeels June 15, 2015 / 10:02 am

      To be sick? You mean get a cold? Yes, it’s possible to get a cold at any time, and that includes while having unprotected sex while on your period – although one has little to do with the other. Hope that helps!

      Like

  11. vane May 8, 2015 / 6:01 am

    If I had sex during my 4th day of my period and we had unprotected sex but he didnt cum inside me . Can i still get pregnant?

    Like

    • HealthyHeels June 15, 2015 / 10:03 am

      It’s always a possibility, yes. You can take emergency contraception to help avoid pregnancy after unprotected sex, but we’d encourage you to find a more reliable method of birth control. Contact your provider for details or visit Campus Health if you’re a UNC student.

      Like

  12. precious April 20, 2015 / 3:35 pm

    If I had a sex during my periods but we use protection what will happen??

    Like

    • HealthyHeels April 22, 2015 / 12:03 pm

      Hi precious, Thanks for reading and commenting! We don’t offer medical advice on specific situations over our blog. In general – having sex with a condom as protection offers a lower risk of pregnancy and STI transmission. This is true even when you have sex during your period. Hope that helps!

      Like

  13. Pyon March 28, 2015 / 11:27 am

    I had sex with my bf on my first day (afternoon) second day (afternoon) and third day (dawn) of my period he cum inside me only once per day on my third day in the evening my period has gone slowly my period usually goes slow on the 4th day so I’m scared am I pregnant ? On the first day and second day my period is super fast. I have 28-30 cycle sometimes upto 40 when I’m stressed in school work

    Like

    • HealthyHeels April 6, 2015 / 2:06 pm

      Hi Pyon,
      Thanks for your question. We cannot answer specific situations like yours, but encourage you to visit your provider for advice and, if necessary, emergency contraception and/or a pregnancy test. We can tell you that risk for pregnancy increases with more instances of unprotected penile/vaginal intercourse. We strongly suggest if you indeed are not pregnant and do not wish to become pregnant, that you consider finding a method of birth control that works for you. Check out http://bedsider.org/methods for details.

      Like

  14. brian January 12, 2015 / 6:42 am

    I was just wondering if it is safe to have sex when your partner is at the end of her period and you didnt use any condom. Will it be exposed to STD? Or HIV? i ve been bothered for weeks now and i had this high fever,vomiting, dnt feel lile eating. Pls reply asap thank you!

    Like

    • HealthyHeels January 13, 2015 / 10:35 am

      Hi Brian,
      We don’t offer medical advice on specific situations over our blog. In general – having sex without a condom at any point in your partner’s menstrual cycle leaves both of you vulnerable to STD or HIV transmission. We encourage you to visit your doctor if you’re not feeling well to ask more about your specific symptoms and situation. If you’re a UNC student, you can request an appointment from Campus Health online at healthyheels.unc.edu or by calling 919-966-2281.

      Like

    • daniel November 13, 2015 / 11:10 am

      can be continue sex while my wife delay menstration for 6days

      Like

      • HealthyHeels November 13, 2015 / 2:18 pm

        If your wife consents, you can have sex anytime y’all desire. Some women delay menstruation by using birth control pills. If that’s your situation, birth control pills, when used correctly, are a highly reliable method of contraception. If your wife’s period is late but not because of hormonal contraception and you don’t want to get pregnant, consider another form of contraception like condoms.

        Like

  15. Laura December 3, 2013 / 3:00 pm

    If you have unprotected sex on the first day of your period can you still get pregnant?

    Like

    • uncchsmedia December 4, 2013 / 9:11 am

      Laura, yes it is possible to become pregnant while on your period. Consider taking emergency contraception or calling your medical provider to discuss your specific pregnancy chances.

      Like

  16. cindy November 10, 2013 / 9:34 pm

    If you had unprocted sex while you had your period , to avoid getting pregnant if you take the pill plan b will it still work ?

    Like

    • uncchsmedia November 11, 2013 / 9:17 am

      Plan B is about 85% effective in preventing unwanted pregnancies when taken with 5 days of unprotected penile/vaginal intercourse. This is true whether you’re on your period or not. Hope that helps! If you have further questions, call your medical provider or pharmacist for more information. If you’re a UNC student, call 919.966.2281.

      Like

  17. Ashley August 6, 2013 / 9:21 pm

    Thanks🙂 I cannot tell you how long ive been stressing! at first i thought i was pregnant because i had sex (protected/with condom) on the first day of my period and It just stopped coming after, I thought i was pregnant because i started getting back pains and my period didnt run at all after the first day i tried it.. I went to the clinic and they told me i was fine but on the internet on another website it said it is possible to get pregnant with a condom, and i was really scared because im only 17 and i dont want a child at a early age.. this made me want to stop having sex until i turn 30 and married:D

    Like

    • Melissa October 3, 2013 / 4:38 am

      Hi Ashley wow thanks a lot for that I was so stressed out last weekend I had intercourse for the first time and we had unprotected sex while on my period and when it just went away I really panicked I’m 17 as well mwahugz thanks a lot Ladies…*wink*

      Like

      • uncchsmedia October 3, 2013 / 9:45 am

        Melissa, not to freak you out but as we mentioned above, it IS POSSIBLE to get pregnant while on your period. In Ashley’s case, she didn’t get pregnant after having sex on the first day of her period – and if you have a regular cycle, if you had sex on the first day of your period it’s unlikely that you would ovulate soon enough to become pregnant. It is just all so individual that there’s no way to know for sure in your situation. If it’s been less than 5 days since you had unprotected sex and you’re still worried, you can get and take emergency contraception over the counter to decrease your likelihood of pregnancy. Again, as we mentioned above, having sex on your period is not contraception (a way to avoid pregnancy). You’ll want to use a condom or another form birth control.

        Like

  18. Sofia lopes August 1, 2013 / 4:32 am

    So if I want to get pregnant then I could just have sex while I am on my period?? Will that help? Like if I have sex towards the end of my period will tht help me get pregnant?

    Like

    • Sara Stahlman August 2, 2013 / 9:26 pm

      Sofia, if you’re trying to become pregnant, we recommend a prenatal visit with your medical provider to ensure you’re doing everything you can to have a healthy pregnancy (such as taking 400mg of folic acid each day for at least three months prior to conception). In terms of the timing – consider tracking your cycles. For a woman with a 28 day cycle, ovulation is likely to begin 14 days after her period started. However, for many women it’s a bit more complicated than that as many women have irregular and/or longer cycles. Body basal temperature and cervical mucous can help determine the timing for your ovulation patterns. Your provider can help you with tips for maximizing your chances for becoming pregnant. Good luck!

      Like

  19. aj July 23, 2013 / 10:00 pm

    My partner and I always do it. oral as well Just put a towel under you and lay on your back so its not messy ! During oral my flow always stops and it only gets a bit messy after intercourse. It really helps ease my cramping and it relaxes me a lot and I always have a nice sleep after.

    Like

  20. Hello great blog! Does running a blog like this take a great deal of work?
    I have no expertise in computer programming but I was hoping to start my own blog soon.
    Anyhow, should you have any recommendations or tips for new blog owners please share.
    I know this is off subject nevertheless I simply wanted
    to ask. Thanks a lot!

    Like

    • Sara Stahlman May 21, 2013 / 9:26 am

      Glad you like the blog! A blog can take as much or as little work as you desire – but we do think that a good one will take a solid amount of effort in the design and maintenance of the blog.

      Like

    • nicky Garcia January 9, 2016 / 3:50 am

      I wannaknow if I can be pregent because I had unpretected sex with my ex boyfriend while beeing on my period?sc

      Like

      • HealthyHeels January 11, 2016 / 2:03 pm

        Hi Nicky, it IS POSSIBLE to get pregnant while on your period. If it’s been less than 5 days since you had unprotected sex and you don’t want to become pregnant, you can take emergency contraception over the counter to decrease your likelihood of pregnancy. Again, as we mentioned in other responses, having sex on your period is not a way to avoid pregnancy. You’ll want to use a condom or another form birth control. If you are trying to become pregnant, look for information about fertility and timing. Good luck.

        Like

  21. charlene March 12, 2013 / 6:36 pm

    I found this website very interesting….me and my partner have been tryin for a baby since january….and whilst just having my implanon taken out in jan weve tried everything….however finding out i can get pregnant on my period is a bonus as i thought it was imposible and must admit i got dissapointed to find out my period had arrived during intercourse….heres hoping it happens soon!! ThankYou for your information….It has helped!!! :))

    Like

  22. Amber Cone December 27, 2012 / 11:29 pm

    I’ve recently was wondering the same thing if its ok to have sex during my period. I always thought it wasn’t healthy but I guess I was wrong. But then again I’m not a doctor. I discussed all this with my boyfriend and we are not using and birth control or contraceptions. We aren’t planning on kids anytime soon but if it happens it happens we don’t plan anything we do. I mean he owns his own business and I keep house and will be starting to work on a farm once it gets warmer. But we have discusses everything and we are very open with each other about everything we do. We might be young but we know how we feel about each other and we know we are going to be married someday. But being open with the one you are with is key to everything if you aren’t open and comfortable with talkin about it then its not a wise choice to be in that situation.

    Like

  23. Claire June 19, 2012 / 12:39 am

    Is it okay to have sex on your period without the use of condoms with my husband…

    Like

    • Molly McFatrich June 25, 2012 / 1:26 pm

      Thanks for the question! I will first say that I am not a medical provider (I have my masters in Public Health), so if you have specific medical questions check with your doctor. However, I will do my best to answer your question.

      If you are on a hormonal contraceptive, like the birth control pill, and you are consistent about taking it everyday, then you should be protected against pregnancy during the placebo pill week (i.e. the week you have your period). If you are not using any contraceptive method, it is possible for a woman to get pregnant from vaginal intercourse while she’s menstruating. If you and your husband are not seeking pregnancy, then you should reduce that risk by using a contraception method, like condoms (or birth control pills, the patch, the ring, etc).

      If you are not concerned about pregnancy and you have been having sex on your period and using condoms simply because it makes one or both of you feel more comfortable, that’s totally fine. Menstrual blood will not harm your partner, though.

      Does that answer your question?

      Like

      • adil January 14, 2016 / 1:00 pm

        can you please tell me that me and my partner have sex on my six day of periods and sudden blood came out… is it danger ?we were having sex without any protection? and we heard that if we have sex during period so it will cause aids.

        Like

        • HealthyHeels January 25, 2016 / 1:02 pm

          HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV is caused by 4 fluids – breast milk, vaginal secretions, semen and blood. So it sounds like in your situation 3 of the 4 fluids were present. So, you’ll want to think about HIV. Have you and your partner been tested for HIV? Have you or your partner had any interactions where any of the 4 fluids could be transmitted between yourself and someone else since you were tested? To be safe, you can always go and get an HIV test. Here’s HIV testing info for UNC students. As for “danger” – unless you were feeling pain during sex, likely the blood is not dangerous and related to your period. If this is something you’re still concerned about, you can always visit your medical provider to talk about your situation and gather a professional opinion about your specific case. Best of luck.

          Like

  24. Marisela August 27, 2011 / 4:03 pm

    My husband loves to have intetcourse while i am menstruating, of course i bleed heavily, so he puts down a towel first, i do have intense orgasms, and i have noticed my cramps go away, but i was wondering if it was safe. I’ve got the answers to all my questions, thanks to your website.

    Like

    • Mya Okemow April 4, 2015 / 12:43 am

      will i get pregnant while im on my period and that my boyfriend uses a condom for sex?

      Like

      • HealthyHeels April 6, 2015 / 2:01 pm

        Hi Maya,
        Thanks for your question. Please see your provider for more information specific to your situation. In general, using a condom correctly is a great way to minimize your risk of unintended pregnancy when you’re having sex. But if you’re worried about becoming pregnant, you might consider a more effective method of birth control. We recommend http://bedsider.org/methods for determining effective contraception that fits your needs.

        Like

        • Annie June 10, 2016 / 5:54 am

          Hi..
          Im new here so i dont know how to address my concern.

          My period starts last month may 16 2016 and end may 19 2016. And pn that night may 19 my bf and i made love and at night after 1 round of make love he cums inside me and i decided to take a contraceptive pills. Am i safe on that period of time i mean is it possible i get pregnant? This is the first time we use rhythm method. Please educate me.
          I hope to get a reply soon. Im soo worried.
          And last 2 months april 15 my period starts and end april 17. So i dont know if my cycle is normal or what..sorry for the long post.

          Annie

          Like

          • HealthyHeels September 6, 2016 / 10:20 am

            Sorry for our delay in responding! Let us know if you still have questions. Thanks.

            Like

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